Annuities have had their share of detractors over the years. In fact, you may have even seen disparaging advertising. But is such criticism warranted?
The reality is annuities currently serve a critical purpose within millions of Americans retirement portfolios–adding a level of security, while helping alleviate some of the financial worry for the future. No other vehicle combines the investment and insurance features to meet a wide range of client retirement needs. Let’s take a closer look at some of those features:
Create Guaranteed income for life
While some say a guarantee may not be needed if investments perform well, the reality is that markets don’t just go up. Sometimes they go down, sometimes by a lot and sometimes at the wrong time. Considering the current bull market is nearly 10 years old, this may be a good time to consider capturing market gains and continuing to invest with downside protection.
annuities help manage these critical retirement risks:
Longevity Risk: With people living longer, the challenge is to generate income that will last a lifetime. A 65-year-old married couple has nearly a 50% chance that one spouse will live to age 94, and a 25% chance to live until age 98. Investors should plan for a retirement that can last 25 years or more. With the decline of pensions and the future value of Social Security in question, annuities can help relieve retirees’ fear of outliving their savings.
Market Risk: Longer lifespans mean the average retiree will likely face five bear markets in retirement. (Since 1945, there have been 27 market corrections of greater than 10% and 12 bear markets with losses that exceeded 20% (two with a loss greater than 40% in just the last 20 years). Annuity guarantees can help retirees keep market downturns from derailing their retirement.
Sequence of Returns Risk: Losses in the early years of retirement can devastate a portfolio, increasing the likelihood that an investor will run out of money. Income guarantees can protect investors against the risk of retiring into a down market and help ensure their money lasts.
Behavior Risk: Investors are often influenced by their emotions, causing them to get in and out of the market at the wrong time. This is evidenced by the fact that from 1997 through 2016, the S&P 500® Index gained an average of 7.68% while the average investor earned only 2.29%. The guarantees offered by annuities can give investors a level of confidence to remain invested though volatile markets.
Withdrawal Rate Risk: A safe and sustainable withdrawal rate is defined as how much can be taken from a portfolio with little probability of depleting the account. Historically that rate has been around 4%. However, because people are living longer in retirement and facing a prolonged low interest rate environment, new research suggests a sustainable withdrawal rate closer to 3% or less. An annuity’s guaranteed withdrawal rate is often higher and can help mitigate this risk.
The Value of Guarantees
When planning, investors should always consider both the benefit and the cost when selecting any financial solution. Annuity fees are commensurate with the guarantees and features they offer. How much would you pay to insure your lifetime income? However, critics often compare investments based solely on expenses and ignore the unique value that annuities offer as a part of an overall strategy. Instead they should focus on whether the guarantees and other benefits offered by annuities, like added security, are worth the cost for a given investor’s situation.
Annuities are designed to solve for complex client needs
Annuities solve for more complex needs–such as providing guaranteed lifetime income that cannot be outlived. Understanding an annuity and its guarantees is essential if an investor wants to make full and effective use of this type of investment.
Critics often compare investments based solely on expenses and ignore the unique value that annuities offer as a part of an overall strategy. The reality is annuities currently serve a critical purpose within millions of Americans retirement portfolios.
annuities are long-term investments
The perceived lack of liquidity is also something raised by annuity critics. But annuities are not for the short term. They are designed as long-term investments; after all, the purpose of an annuity is to generate income that will last a lifetime. Many annuity contracts have some form of “surrender charge.” This performs two functions. First, the surrender charge provides an incentive to hold the contract and ultimately reap the benefits it was designed to provide. Second, if an investor surrenders within a defined period after purchasing their contract, the company can recover its costs.
There are annuities without surrender charges, and “advisory” contracts where investors pay an annual asset-based fee, just as they do in managed money accounts. In addition, many annuity contracts have an annual free withdrawal privilege that allows owners to withdraw a certain amount of money without paying surrender charges.
Tax benefits of annuities
No one wants to pay the IRS more than they need to. Annuities provide an effective and efficient way to manage taxes. Critics argue that annuity distributions are taxed as ordinary income, versus other investments which may taxed at the lower long-term capital gains rate. But annuity investors generally take income over time in retirement. In these circumstances, the long-term benefits of tax deferral may offset the advantage of the lower capital gains rate. Annuities provide tax-free rebalancing and the ability to defer taxes on any growth until income begins, often when investors are in a lower tax bracket.
legacy benefits of annuities
Annuities may also provide owners the opportunity to grow, protect, and control assets intended to pass to their loved ones. They are not subject to probate. And annuities often provide various protective features such enhanced death benefits, as well as flexible wealth transfer options.
Finally, they provide the owner the ability to control how and when the annuity benefits are distributed to their loved ones.
a comprehensive retirement income strategy
Annuity income may be thought of as the “floor” of a comprehensive retirement income portfolio, not the entire income plan. Many financial planners look at guaranteed income streams, such as those provided by pensions, Social Security and annuities, to help cover an investor’s essential retirement expenses–housing, food, clothing, transportation, and healthcare costs. A strategy that ensures essential expenses are covered frees investors to devote more of their remaining capital to long-term growth. A comprehensive retirement income plan should include both sources of guaranteed income and non-guaranteed investments.
While planning for retirement, a fully informed investor is in a better position to make the right decisions regarding their needs, goals, and objectives. No one product or investment will make a comprehensive financial and retirement plan successful; it often requires a combination of various strategies, investments, and products.
While a strong retirement plan often requires a combination of strategies, investments, and products, the best approach is to consider objectives, goals, and time horizon to determine if an annuity could make sense as a part of any overall plan.
Investors should consider the features of any contract and the underlying portfolios’ investment objectives, policies, management, risks, charges, and expenses carefully before investing. This and other important information is contained in a prospectus. Annuity contracts contain exclusions, limitations, reductions of benefits, and terms for keeping them in force.
All references to guarantees, including optional benefits, are backed by the claims-paying ability of the issuing company and do not apply to the underlying investment options.
IRI It’s All About Income: Inaugural Study on The American Retirement Experience” September 2016.
Society of Actuaries RP-2014 Mortality Table projected for mortality improvement Scale MP-2014, 2016
Seeking Alpha.com. What should retirees do during a bear market? 6/2017
Time.com/Money, Here’s how devastating a bear market can be, 1/2016
Dalbar, Inc Indexes 1997 through 2016
Rethinking Retirement Sustainable Withdrawal Rates for New Retirees in 2016, Wade Pfau & Wade Dokken, Wealthvest, Oct 2016